KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT AND LIBRARY DIGITALIZATION IN THE 21st CENTURY: DOCUMENTAL OVERVIEW

  • Dr. M. Senapathy Department of Rural Development and Agricultural Extension, College of Agriculture Wolaita Sodo University, Ethiopia
  • Dr. M. Pandikumar Bharath Niketan College of Engineering, Andipatti, Theni District, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Dr. Mary Thuo Department of Education and Development Planning, School of Social Sciences Wolaita Sodo University, Ethiopia
Keywords: Knowledge Management, Digital Libraries, Dissemination, Intellectual Assets, Digitalization

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to review literature related to knowledge management and library digitization. The study used exploratory research designs. Specifically, the study reviewed literature related to the development of knowledge management in connection with library digitization, the dynamic role played by the librarians in utilizing knowledge management in library digitization and the benefits and limitations of library digitization. Digitization of libraries has been witnessed globally due to the impact of technological growth and the demand of users that keep changing due to their needs and interests. Today’s modern libraries depend mostly on electronic resources that are highly diversified in terms of products and services that they offer. The concept of knowledge management has been adapted in modern libraries worldwide because of the need to manage library resources in digital forms that need special scientific attention. Knowledge management has increasingly become vital for the libraries to address the increased demand of the users. Technological changes have altered the way people read and how they use information by revolutionizing the concept of libraries. Unlike the conventional library system, digital library usage has intensified with the help of information communication and technology through the use of computers and web technologies to address the needs of the users. The modern digital libraries serve as knowledge dissemination centers allowing easy access to resources and information that would not be easy to find in physical form. Modern digital libraries are acting as a platform where knowledge management is leveraging the intellectual assets and as well as facilitating knowledge creation. But, their success sorely depends on the ability to acquire, create, store, share and utilize that kind of knowledge. The success further depends on the digital librarian’s ability to search for information, select, acquire, organize, preserve and disseminate such useful information to the right user at the right time. Knowledge management is a process that is applied in the collection of information and it governs the creation, dissemination, and utilization of the documented knowledge to the end-users by utilizing digital knowledge. Knowledge management has given modern libraries a new role by becoming a leading player in managing knowledge. Acquisitions of knowledge management tools are however vital for effective library management activities. Digital libraries have thus implemented the use of computers, databases and library software so as to facilitate improved library activities. The utilization of these systematized electronic tools enhances the effectiveness and performance of librarians to serve the information users in the digital environment of the modern library setup. Key benefits have been documented regarding digital libraries like; Round the clock availability, accessibility by multiple users and quick information retrieval by users who are remotely located. However, digital libraries have some key bottlenecks that continue to bother librarians. Such may include, the effect of changing technology which requires constant technology updates, security issues related to unauthorized access and virus attack, copyright, and data migration issues and lack of skilled manpower on the part of librarians.

Author Biographies

Dr. M. Senapathy, Department of Rural Development and Agricultural Extension, College of Agriculture Wolaita Sodo University, Ethiopia

Associate Professor,

Dr. M. Pandikumar, Bharath Niketan College of Engineering, Andipatti, Theni District, Tamil Nadu, India

Principal

Dr. Mary Thuo, Department of Education and Development Planning, School of Social Sciences Wolaita Sodo University, Ethiopia

Associate Professor

References

Arthur, W.B., (2009). The nature of technology: What it is and how it evolves. New York: The Free Press and Penguin Books.
Baldonado, M. Chang, C-C., Gravano, L., & Paepcke, A. (1997). Metadata for digital libraries: Architecture and design rationale. In Proceedings of ACM digital libraries’97. Philadelphia, PA.
Bair. J. (1999). Knowledge Management is about cooperation and context. Gartner Advisory Services Research Note (May, 14)
Bamgbade, B.J. , Akintola, B.A., Agbenu , D.O., Ayeni, C.O., Fagbami O. O., & Abubakar H. O. (2015). Comparative analysis and benefits of digital library over traditional library. World Scientific News, 24 1-7
Bradley, G.( 2010). The convergence theory on ICT, society and human beings-towards the good ICT society. Triple C, 8(2), 182-192
Breeding, M. (2002). Preserving digital information, Information Today 19(5).
Cain, M. (2003). Managing technology: Being a library of record in a digital age. Journal of Academic Librarianship 29(6)
Christopher, V.L. (2010). Opening the Doors to Digital Libraries: A Proposal to exempt digital libraries From the Copyright Act. Case Western Reserve Journal of Law, Technology and the Internet, 1(2), 135
Clair, C.S. (2003). Knowledge Management in M. Drake Encyclopedia of Library and Information Science, 2nd ed., Marcel Dekker, 1486 - 1494.
Europa. (2008). European commission steps up efforts to put Europe’s memory.
Gertz, J. (2000). Selection for preservation in the digital age, Library Resources and Technical Services 44(2), 97-104.
Giannakopoulos, G., Kyriaki – Manesi., & and Zervos, S. (2012). Approaching information as an integrated field: Educating Information Professionals. G.A.
Ghosh, M., & Jambakar, A. (2003). Networks, digital libraries and knowledge management: Trends and developments. DESIDOC Bulletin of Information Technology, 23 (5), 3-11
Greenstein, G.. & Suzanne, E.T. (2019). The Digital Library: A Biography, Digital Library Federation.
Hamelink, C. J. (1997). New information and communication technologies, social development and cultural change. (URISD Discussion Paper; No. 86). Geneva: URISD.
Khanal, L., & Paudyal, S.R. (2017). Effect of knowledge management practices on the performance of Nepalese Financial Institutions. Journal of Advanced Academic Research (JAAR), 4(1), 44-59. Retrieved November from file:///C:/Users/K/Downloads/19518-Article%20Text-62478-1-10-20180331.pdf
Lingyong, W. (2002). Knowledge management: theory and practice, Proceedings of knowledge management: Opportunities and challenges for the library, May 19-22, 2002, Beijing. 27-32 p.
Looney, M., & Lyman, L. (2000). Portals in higher education: What are they, and What is their potential? EDUCAUSE Review 354:30. Available online from http://www.educause.edu/pub/er/erm00/article004/looney.pdf
Lor, P.J. (2008). Digital libraries and archiving knowledge: some critical questions. South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science, 74(2), 116-128.
Marchionini, G., Plaisant, C., & Komlodi, A. (2003). The people in digital libraries. Multifaceted approaches to assessing needs and impact”. In Bishop, A.P., Van House, N.A. and Buttenfield, B.P (Eds), Digital Library Use: Social Practice in Design and Evaluation, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, pp. 119-60.
Nonaka, I. (1991). The knowledge creating company. Harvard Business Review, 96-104.
Okike, B.O.I. & Adetoro, N. (2019). Securing the information systems of libraries and the influence of tech-skills of librarians and users. Education Information Technology, 24 (2), 1583-1602
Pymm, B. (2006). Building collections for all time: The issue of significance. Australian Academic and Research Libraries, 37 (1), 61-73.
Rus, L., & Lindavall, M. (2002). Knowledge management in software engineering. IEEE Software, 26-38.
Rathee S., & Kaushik, S, (2010). Knowledge management and libraries. 2nd International Symposium on “Emerging Trends and Technologies in Libraries and Information Services” - Conference Proceedings – May 3-4, 2010, 399-403 Sadaf, F. (2015). Application and utility of OPAC in Maulana Azad library. Retrieved on November, 2019 from http://www.lisbdnet.com/online-public-access-catalogue-opac/
Saini, J. (2017). Advantages and disadvantages of digitization in library system. International Journal of Advanced Research in Science and Engineering, 6(7), 1336 - 1341
Schatz, B.R., & Chen, H. (1996). Building large-scale digital libraries Computer theme issue on US Digital Library Initiative.
Shuchun, P. 2002. Digital libraries and knowledge management: Basis for Agricultural Scitechnnovation. Retrieved August 2019 from: http://zoushoku.narc.affrc.go.jp/ADR/AFITA?afita/afitaconf/2002/part7/p507.
Sarrafzadeh, M. Martin, B., & Hazeri, A, (2010). Knowledge management and its potential applicability for Libraries. Library Management, 31(3), 198-212.
Sumathy, K.L., Thangamani, C.M., & Gracia Mary,A.C. (2013). Knowledge repository and knowledge mapping. International Journal of Computer Applications (IJCA), 29-32
Tedd, L. & Large, A. (2005) Digital libraries: principles and practice in a global environment, KG Saur, Munchen.
Thomas, G (2011). How to do your case study. London: sage Publications
United States Copyright Office. (1998). The Digital Millennium Copyright Act of 1998 – U.S. Copyright Office Summary. 2.
von Krogh, G., Ichijo, K & Nonaka, I. (2000). Enabling knowledge creation: How to unlock the mystery of tacit knowledge and release the power of innovation. New York: Oxford University Press
Yaacob, R.A., Jamaluddin, A., & Jusoff, K. (2010). Knowledge management and challenging roles of academic librarians. Management Science and Engineering, 4(4), 14-23. Yeh, J.H., Chang, J.Y., & Oyang, Y.J (2000). Content and knowledge management in a digital library and museum. Journal of the American Society for Information Science, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-4571(2000)51:4<371::AID-ASI6>3.0.CO;2-6
Yin, R.K. (2009) Case study research design and methods. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications
Zeng, M.L. (2002), Metadata and domain-specific markup languages: Their functions in knowledge representation in digital libraries, Proceedings of Knowledge management: Opportunities and challenges for the library, May19-22, 2002, Beijing, 58-59
Published
2019-12-31
How to Cite
Senapathy, D. M., Pandikumar, D. M., & Thuo, D. M. (2019). KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT AND LIBRARY DIGITALIZATION IN THE 21st CENTURY: DOCUMENTAL OVERVIEW. International Journal of Information Management Sciences, 3(1), 43-61. Retrieved from http://ijims.org/index.php/IJIMS/article/view/50